All over the world, medical scientists and gerontologists are trying to find out the secret of longevity of some people, to develop an elixir of rejuvenation, in general, to do everything possible to extend a person’s life and make it more comfortable. Here are some tips for people who want to live longer than average, while maintaining a clear mind and good health. These tips are developed by leading experts in the field of gerontology:
Physically active older people tend to live longer and have low rates of many diseases, including type 2 diabetes, heart and blood circulation diseases, and some types of cancer. Physically active elderly people also have a high level of physical fitness. To this end, WHO recommends that healthy people over 65 exercise at least 150 minutes a week, but they should also do muscle strengthening or weight training 2 or more days a week.
How exercise affects older people A new study lasted 9 months, and scientists studied how strength training affects the psychological well-being of older people.
The study involved 106 people aged 65 to 75 years, the level of aerobic physical activity in which was lower than recommended. None of them had passed strength training before.
They were divided into four groups: three groups performed exercises to strengthen the muscles, the fourth group was the control. All training groups twice a week for 3 months passed the familiarization and practice of training exercises with weights.
After the familiarization period, three training groups continued to carry out exercises for another 6 months. One group practiced this once a week, another twice a week, and a third three times a week.
Participants underwent a psychological assessment three times over a 9-month study: at a basic level, after 3 months of training and after 6 months of training. Assessment of psychological functioning included the following indicators: quality of life, sense of connectedness and symptoms of depression.
The quality of life indicator showed how people perceive their position in relation to their expectations, goals, problems. It covers four areas of quality of life: physical, psychological, social and environmental.
“Of these areas,” the researchers note, “especially the physical area, as a rule, decreases with age.”
A sense of connectedness is a concept proposed by sociologist Aaron Antonovsky several decades ago. His theory of salutogenesis defines health as more than just the absence of disease. According to Antonovsky, a sense of connectedness is a “life orientation,” reflecting whether people see themselves as capable of making their lives “meaningful, manageable, and understandable.” A sense of connectedness shows how people perceive life and use their resources to deal with stressors.